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Pure Indian Classical Music
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Evolution of Indian Classical Music :

The tribal People in various parts of the country, have their own characteristic Music and Dance. This tribal music has contributed to a large degree to the general mould of Indian Music. Another ancient form of Indian Music was that of Tamils and related cultures. These form of music fused with Aryan Music, styles of which are sung in Rgveda and Samaveda. Slowly, all these forms have come closer and amalgamated into one another; a later strain coming from Central Asian Regions.

The flour grinding songs of rural women grow into folk songs more or less intricate. Music in and of the temple is another tributary to the mainstream. Vedic music, which commenced as recitation of 3 tones ended as seven toned chant. In temples and maths (monasteries) music was & still is, a vital part of meditation and worship. Through these simple bhajans, abhang-s, & keertan-s the most profound mystic truths and socially reformative ideas were conveyed. Thus, Indian life is filled with music at all strata and levels. All the above are seeds, out of which complicated concert music has evolved. 
 
Hindustani Music

Hindustani Music or North Indian Classical Music is popular in Punjab, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Bengal and Mumbai.

Looking at ancient granthas (books) it is felt that originally, only one method of Indian Classical Music would be in practice. However, due to political changes and invasion of Muslims on India, there was a distinct impact of Muslim culture, on the music of North India.

During the rule of Muslim Emperors, there were changes in the Indian form of Classical Music. The Emperors at that time had tremendous attachment towards music. They encouraged musicians and also the development of Indian Music. Hence, huge impact of Arabic and Persian music was felt on Indian Classical Music.

Types of compositions include, Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khayal, Thumri, Hori etc..
 
Karnataki Music
Karnataki Music is popular in Karnatak, Andhra Pradesh, Madras (Chennai) and Mysore.

Looking at ancient granthas (books) it is felt that originally, only one method of Indian Classical Music would be in practice. However, due to political changes and invasion of Muslims on India, there was a distinct impact of Muslim culture, on the music of North India.

As Muslims could not reach southern part of India, there was nearly no impact of Muslim culture on South Indian Classical Music.

But as every art is progressive, there are changes in Karnataki music also.

Types of compositions include Pad, Pallavi, Kirtan, Varnam etc..