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Pure Indian Classical Music
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Evolution Of Music > Raags > Raag Details > Scale > Taal > Glossary > Instrument > Sarod > Sitar > Tabla/Mridamgam > Bhupali > Khamaj > Alhaiya Bilawal > Durga > Alankars >  

There are differences amongst scholars as far as the roots of the modern day Sarod are considered. While prototypes of this instrument are very ancient in this country, though the present version might incorporate local, as well as West Asian characteristics. Some scholars believe that it is from the Veena family of instruments, most believe that the Sarod may have evolved from the central Asian rabab.

The body not entirely of wood as in the sitar. The lower part is covered with goat skin (white colored thin leather) but the upper section (the fingerboard) has a plate of shining steel, and no frets. Unlike in the sitar, the bridge is thin and rests on the membrane. Today's sarod (Ustaad Ali Akbar Khan Saheb style) has total of 25 strings comprising of 4 main strings, 2 chikaris, 4 substrings , and 15 tarab or taraf (sypathetic) strings for producing resonant sound. All of these except the four main strings are tuned according to the raag. The sarod player, holds between his fingers a plectrum (java) of coconut shell.

Today's sarod is not the original version of sarod which was played around 100 years ago. Artists from Ustaad Allaudin Khan Saheb's gharana specifically Resp. Ustaad Ali Akbar Khan saheb has contributed a lot in this continuous process of refinement. Artists from the Ustaad Hafiz Ali Khan Saheb's gharana (specifically ustaad Amjad Ali Khan Saheb and his two sons) have also contributed in popularizing this rare and difficult instrument